Measles Virus

Measles Virus: Measles, also known as morbilli, is an infection of the respiratory system caused by a virus, specifically a paramyxovirus of the genus Morbillivirus. Morbilliviruses, like other paramyxoviruses, are enveloped, single-stranded, negative-sense RNA viruses. Measles is a highly contagious viral disease, which affects mostly children. It is transmitted via droplets from the nose, mouth…

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Dengue Virus

Dengue Virus: Dengue is a flu-like viral disease spread by the bite of Aedes infected mosquitoes. Dengue positive-strand RNA viruses of the genus Flavivirus, family FlaviviridaeDengue hemorrhagic fever is a severe, often fatal, and leads to several complications. Dengue occurs in most tropical areas of the world. There is no specific treatment for dengue. Dengue…

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Hepatitis C Virus

Hepatitis C Virus: Hepatitis C is caused by infection with the Hepatitis C virus (HCV). The term ‘hepatitis’ simply means inflammation of the liver. HCV is found in highest concentrations in blood and in lower concentrations in other body fluids (e.g., semen, vaginal secretions, and wound exudates). HCV infection is a major cause of hepatic…

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Hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotyping

Hepatitis C Virus: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotyping is reported to be the primary tool for assessing the course of infection and determining treatment duration. Several molecular methods targeting different HCV genomic regions have been described for determining genotype. Most commercial methods target the 5′ untranslated region (5′UTR), which is the region of choice for…

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Mycobacteria other than tuberculosis

Mycobacteria other than tuberculosis: Mycobacteria other than tuberculosis (MOTT) are mycobacterial species that my cause human disease but do not cause tuberculosis. Every year in the United States approximately two people per 100,000 population develop infections caused by theses lesser-known “cousins” of tuberculosis. In fact, data suggest that there may be rising numbers of cases…

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